What is a control valve, and what is its function?
A control valve is a fundamental component in fluid and gas systems that plays a critical role in regulating the flow rate and pressure of the media passing through the pipeline. Its primary function is to control the flow of fluids or gases by varying the size of the passage through which the media flows. This adjustment is achieved by moving a mechanical element, often called the valve plug or disc, in response to signals from an external control system.
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By modulating the flow, a Control Valve ensures that the process operates within desired parameters, maintaining precision, stability, and efficiency. Control valves are widely used in various industries, including oil and gas, water treatment, chemical processing, and power generation, where accurate and reliable flow control is essential for the system's overall performance.